Since 1974, the Government has set up several agencies to manage its enlarged interest in the industry. The Jamaica Bauxite Institute (JBI) began operating in 1976 to advise, monitor, and implement policies on all aspects of the industry, as well as to conduct technical and economic research. Jamaica Bauxite Mining (JBM) was set up by the Government to hold the assets acquired from entering into partnerships or joint ventures with the companies. The Bauxite and Alumina Trading Company (BATCO) was established to carry out commercial trading activities on behalf of the other Government entities. Clarendon Alumina Production (CAP) was formed in 1985 to manufacture and sell alumina at the leased JAMALCO plant, which had shut down operations. With the re-entry of ALCOA in 1988, CAP became a joint-venture partner with an equal share in the plant.
At present, Jamaica has one bauxite company, Noranda Jamaica Bauxite Partners II, and three refining operations, Windalco Ewarton Works, Jamalco and Alpart. The Government has a 51% stake in Noranda Jamaica Bauxite Partners II and a 45% interest in Jamalco.